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      张良墓 Zhang Liang's Tomb
      来源: 作者:本站 时间:08-06-19 10:28:32

      位于“水绕四门”柏柳岩下的孤台上。这是张家界重要的人文景观之一。相传,汉留候张良在西汉江山奠定后,便隐匿于武陵源,并葬于此地。张良(?-前185),西汉大臣。字子房。今安徽豪州市人。韩国贵族。曾结交刺客,在博浪沙(今河南省原阳县)阻击秦始皇未成,为秦吏追捕。相传在下邳(今江苏邳县)遇黄石公,得《太公兵法》。后辅佐刘邦平定天下建立汉朝,封留侯。刘邦曾赞其“运筹帷幄中,决胜千里之外”。汉惠帝七年十月(公元前188),高皇后吕雉临朝称制,张良身处危难之中,毅然辞仕出走长安,“从赤松子游”,隐匿江湖,成了中国历史上一大古谜。据《澧州府志》、《永定县志》载:“赤松子,隐赤松子山(今张家界天门山东最高峰谓赤松山),有丹灶列天门十六峰之一。张良从赤松子游。邑中天门、青崖各山,多存遗迹。”“张良,相传从赤松子游,有墓在青崖山,时隐时现。”因此,有关张良在张家界的传说,是有历史依据的。至今,张家界民间还流传着不少关于咏叹张良的诗。如:“太平原是将军定,不许将军见太平。痴人贪禄刀上死,直上林泉隐姓名。”

      Located on the alone platform of “Shuiraosimen”, it is one of the key humanity resorts of Zhangjiajie. It is said that Zhang liang was a hermit living in Wulingyuan after the foundation of West Han Dynasty, and he was buried there after his death. Zhang Liang(birth not known and died in 185 B. C.) was the key official in Western Han Dynasty, with another second name Zifang, who is totally a notable patriot born in whrer it is now called Haozhou City in An’ hui Province. He once made friends with assassin and failed in put-outing Emperor Qinshihuang and then chased by the officials of the Emperor. It is said that he met Huangshigong in Xiazhi(now Zhi County in Jiangxu Province), and got Military Science of Jiang Taigong. Later he helped Liu Bang to set up Han Dynasty. Liu Bang praised him“devise strate-gies within a command tent, decisive battle a long distance outside.” In October of 7th year of Hui Emperor in Han Dynasty(188 B. C.), after Queen Gao(named Lv Zhi) got the power, Zhang Liang was in danger and quitted his job then left the capital, “traveling with Chisongzi”, which is an ancient mystery in Chinese history. It was written in Lizhou Annals and Yongding  County Annals: “Chisongzi hides in Chisongzi Mountain (the east summit of Tianmen Mountain in Zhangjiajie), who has hearths in 16 peaks. Accompanied with him, Zhang Liang travels Middle Heaven Gate, mountains in Green Mountain and leaves many vestiges.”“Zhang Liang travels with Chisongzi, and there is his tomb in Green Mountain”. Thus, it has historical proof of the legend about Zhang Liang in Zhangjiajie. Till now, there are also many poems about him in Zhangjiajie.“The general fought for peace but couldn’t enjoy a peaceful life; and hid in mountains secretly because treacherous officials wanted his death.”

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